Présentations Colloques

    Oral Presentation
    2.02
    Session 2.02: Groundwater for sustainable water supplies in developing countries
    Frommen Theresa
    Facing climate change- Development of a participatory water management in urban slums in Jaipur, India
    Women in urban slums in India are most affected by climate change. The interdisciplinary project “Women’s Action towards Climate Resilience for Urban Poor in South Asia” aims at finding solutions especially for this target group. **In this frame, a participatory water management based on hydrogeological research is currently being developed in two peri-urban slum areas in Jaipur, Rajasthan. The study sites were chosen to represent typical settings in India, both in a social and in a hydrogeological context. The first area is situated in the northern outskirts of the city on a hill slope. The shallow aquifer is characterized by high nitrate concentrations (up to 500 mg L) and elevated electrical conductivity (up to 3000 IS cm). The slum is well established and has a Hindu population of about 1200 people. The second site is located in a lowland area towards the eastern boundary of Jaipur. Frequent flooding from an open drain and insufficient sanitation in this newly emerged slum makes the wells prone to microbial contamination. The slum has a Muslim population of about 3000 people, but is expected to expand rapidly.**In this project, methods which are used in social sciences, especially human-centered-design tools (e.g. interviews, camera-user-studies) are applied to optimize the water supply on a community level. These methods help to understand the community’s point of view and priorities. The main goal is to explore, how communities, represented by women groups, can be enabled to make own reasonable decisions about their water supply, thus creating a sense of ownership and responsibility, which should prevent the relapse in old behavior patterns and guarantee a long-term success. The close cooperation between a hydrogeological research group with a local and experienced NGO, consisting of social scientists, urban planners and health experts, influences both the way of working and the perception of water challenges and allows developing new and innovative approaches, which are planned to be transferred to similar places throughout South Asia.
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