Présentations Colloques

Oral Presentation
Session 8.01: Fiber-Optic Distributed Temperature Sensing as an innovative method in hydrogeology and geothermal energy
Nguyen Frédéric
Comparison of temperature from DTS and ERT with direct measurements during heat tracer experiments in heterogeneous aquifers
Geothermal field characterization and heat tracer experiments often rely on scarce temperature data collected in boreholes. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and distributed temperature sensing (DTS) have the potential to provide spatial information on temperature changes in the subsurface.**In this contribution, we show how DTS and ERT have been jointly used to investigate the heterogeneity of an alluvial aquifer during a heat tracing experiment under forced gradient conditions. Optic fibers were installed in the heat injection well and in two piezometers intersecting the main flow directions at 8 m from the injection well. These piezometers were also equipped with ERT.**The DTS measurements in the injection well clearly show the two-layer nature of the aquifer. After the end of injection, the temperature in the bottom part of the well decreases faster than in the upper part due to the higher water flux. Those results are confirmed by DTS measurements in natural flow conditions during a heating wire test.**DTS and ERT in the cross-panel both show the vertical and lateral heterogeneity of the aquifer. Temperatures only increase significantly in the bottom part of the aquifer where advection is predominant. However, strong differences are observed laterally. ERT additionally shows that the hot plume is divided in two main flow paths, which is confirmed by direct temperature measurements.**The comparison of DTS and ERT shows that one of the well is suffering from water mixing. Indeed, temperatures from DTS are homogeneous over the whole thickness of the aquifer, whereas ERT temperatures, less affected by local conditions, are varying. **Our study demonstrates the value of spatially distributed measurements for the monitoring of heat tracer experiments and highlights the issue of multilevel sampling. The detailed temperature measurements can be subsequently used in hydrogeological modeling to better estimate heat flow and transport parameters.**