Présentations Colloques

Oral Presentation
5.02
Session 5.02: Groundwater and global change
Kone Salif
CONNECTION ZONES, SURFACE WATER - GROUNDWATER- AQUIFERS ASSOCIATED TO NIGER CENTRAL DELTA, IN MALI
Surface water infiltration recharging Mali aquifers occurs through, underlying perched hydrogeological networks, lacustrine zones of the Central Delta or inundation valleys. The mapping of both the Surface water and the Groundwater, their types and availabilities, are briefly presented, and the focus of the study is on the types of hydraulic connections between these water bodies. The aquifers hydraulically connected to the Niger Central Delta flows systems are Continental Terminal Quaternary, and they concern some areas where either inundation or perennial surface water flow occurs. These aquifers belong to the hydrogeological Unit of Central Delta where the recharge by surface water is estimated to be five percent of the flow loss between the entry and the outlet of this hydrological system. Some attempts of simulation along with a review based on the first studies synthetized in “Synthese Hydrogeologique du Mali” would permit to pave the way to other studies on these hydraulically connected zones in Mali. A previews simulation study, about mapping the potential rate of pumping capacity, corroborates some observed structural characteristics and leads to subdivide the area in two hydrogeological sectors, and the present simulation studies focus on the sector “Macina –Diaka” where surface water are in hydraulic relation with groundwater.
Mali